Behavioral learning theory is a process of creating desired behaviors. guiding the course of language acquisition are, innatist theory, cognitivist theory and motherese theory. Language acquisition is explained by the learning-theory approach as a product of the environment and of principles of reinforcement and conditioning. Behaviorist vs. Nativist Approaches. 12 Stimulus Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior based on environmental conditions. Skinner and the Theory of Behaviorism. Current teachers and those who are studying to become teachers need to understand how learning theories impact their students. Answer: Methodological behaviorism began as a reaction against the introspective psychology that dominated the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Behavioristic view of language acquisition simply claims that language development is the result of a set of habits. While these 3 philosophers mostly talked about language-learning in passing, our next 4 theories focus directly on language-learning. Behaviorist / Learning Theory Approach: Nurture. One of the well – known theories that tried to give a description of how language is acquired is Behaviorism. This paper examines two major theories including the behaviorist and nativist language learning theories. If you observe a child, you will notice that language acquisition goes through a number of stages that begins from crying and finishes with adult competence of language. B.F. Skinner agreed with Locke built his Theory of Behaviorism onto his concepts and behavioral psychology. The example of behaviorism based on Pavlov was children developed to learn the language of their social surroundings naturally whose importance both over language learning and teaching must never be underestimated .In this respect of behaviorist was in fact that human and animal learning is process of habit formation. According to the Nativist theory, humans have an innate ability to acquire language, and language is most easily acquired during a critical period in early childhood. Behaviorism is a learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts any independent activities of the mind. The behavioral learning theory or behaviorism is a learning theory that greatly impacts students and how they act in the classroom. Strong emphasis on the stimulus, the response and the relationship between them. Due to this, different theories have emerged seeking to define the manner in which second language acquisition takes place (Gass, 2013). Learn more about the behavioral learning theory and how educators can utilize it to help students succeed. 4. Definition of Behaviorism Behaviorism equates learning with behaviors that can be observed and measured. The Innate theory asserts that language is an innate capacity and that a child‟s brain Reinforcement is key to successful transfer through behavioristic learning. Summary There are three theories on how humans acquire language: the Nativist, Learning (Behaviorist), and Interactionist theories.
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