Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865, This project is supported by the Institute of Museum and Library Services under the Retreat to friendly territory was the only recourse. Civil War Round Table of Kansas City member, Edward Cramer "Bud" Price II passed away on June 30th. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. All Civil War battles in Kansas. Battle of Westport, October 23, 1864: A Walking Tour of the Battlefield South of Brush Creek in Kansas City It was a little over eight years ago when I slipped into my alter ego, theCivilWarMuse, and began to publish virtual tours of Civil War sites of interest on website. January 29, 1861 Kansas is officially brought into the Union holding non-slave state status. As a result, his forces suffered several losses, particularly a major defeat at Wilson’s Creek on August 10, 1861. That battle resulted in a defeat for General Sterling Price and effectively crushed his hopes of victory in his Missouri Expedition of October 1864. Gen. John S. Marmaduke and Brig. I may earn a commission from the companies mentioned in this post via affiliate links to products or services associated with content in this article. Good for Civil War buffs. Good for Civil War … Over the years, the settlement grew and eventually came to be called the "Town of Kansas," and by the time of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, the newly-dubbed "City of Kansas" had 2,500 residents. In the town of Carthage, in the southwest corner of the state. If you continue to use this site you agree to our use of cookies. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'civilwaracademy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',608,'0','0']));Other Names: Lawrence Massacre, Campaign: Quantrill’s Raid into Kansas (1863), eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'civilwaracademy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_9',609,'0','0']));Date(s): August 21, 1863, Principal Commanders: No Union commander [US]; Lt. Col. William C. Quantrill [CS]. During the Civil War, Kansas City served as the Union's District of the Border headquarters. Located in Kansas CIty's historic Metropolis Marketplace, the Arabia Steamboat Museum features the biggest collection of pre-Civil War artifacts on this planet. At the Battle of Westport, however, Price’s Raid came to an inglorious climax. Source: No protection is claimed in original U.S. Government works. Battle of Carthage, a reenactment of the July 5, 1861, battle, the first major land battle of the Civil War, with 1,200 re-enactors. Originally, Kansas City was little more than a landing on the Missouri River, where travelers disembarked to travel to the town of Westport and the Santa Fe Trail a few miles to the south. Exciting Adventures. After the Union survivors reached the fort, the Rebels attacked, but the garrison, with the help of a howitzer, fought them off. On October 25, 1864, a series of three battles occurred, the first two in Linn County, Kansas, with the final in Vernon County… They are in the order in which they occurred during the Civil War. Description: About six miles south of Trading Post, where the Marais de Cygnes engagement had occurred, the brigades of Col. Frederick W. Benteen and Col. John F. Phillips, of Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton’s Provisional Cavalry Division, overtook the Confederates as they were crossing Mine Creek. After an artillery bombardment that began at 4:00 am, Pleasonton’s men attacked furiously. They soon surrounded the Rebels, resulting in the capture of about 600 men and two generals, Brig. Please read my Advertising Disclosure for more information. Quantrill’s column moved on the post from another direction and chanced on a Union detachment escorting Maj. Gen. James G. Blunt and wagons transporting his personal items from his former headquarters of the Department of the Frontier at Fort Scott to his new one at Fort Smith. Most of this detachment, including the band and Maj. Henry Z. Curtis (son of Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis), was murdered, but Blunt and a few mounted men returned to Fort Scott. Description: Maj. Gen. Sterling Price led an expedition into Missouri which Union forces under Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis and Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton finally countered around Kansas City, Missouri. The Federals, although outnumbered, commenced the attack as additional troops from Pleasonton’s command arrived during the fight. Gen. William L. Cabell. Civil War Edit. Visitor Center Museum 4000 Baltimore Kansas City, MO 64111. provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act as administered by the Missouri State Library, a division of the Office of the Secretary of State with additional support from the William T. Kemper Foundation - Commerce Bank, Trustee, Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict, 1854-1865, Battle of Westport Visitor Center and Museum, Price’s Missouri Expedition (or Price’s Raid), Incorporated as the Town of Kansas (March 28, 1850), Secured by Union Soldiers (June 14, 1861). All Civil War battles in Kansas. The Battle of Baxter Springs, sometimes called the Baxter Springs Massacre, was a minor battle fought on October 6, 1863, near where the city of Baxter Springs now sits. Visitor Center Museum 4000 Baltimore Kansas City, MO 64111. Along with other partisans, he headed south on the Texas Road and captured and killed two Union teamsters who had come from a post called Baxter Springs. Fun & relaxing getaways for all ages! Kansas was too far away from the center of conflict of the Civil War to become the scene of great battles, but it was from time to time threatened with invasion by the regular Confederate army. Other Names: Battle of Osage, Battle of Trading Post, eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'civilwaracademy_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_15',621,'0','0']));Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton [US]; Maj. Gen. John S. Marmaduke and Maj. Gen. James F. Fagan [CS]. Our Battle of Mine Creek page includes battle maps, history articles, web links, recommended books, and more for this 1864 Civil War battle in Kansas. Westport was where a battle with Union forces from Kansas and Missouri defeated him, and he started a retreat south, along the state line of Kansas and Missouri. Because of the growth of Kansas City, few portions of the Battle of Westport of October 21-23, 1864, the largest Civil War battle west of the Mississippi have survived. Less than three months later, on April 12, Fort Sumter was attacked by Confederate troops and the Civil War began. The Visitor Center is situated on the high ridge between downtown Kansas City and Brush Creek battlefield, overlooking the village of Westport. Discover the best of the Show-Me State. Kansas City's Civil War Heritage The Battle of Westport is sometimes referred to as "The Gettysburg of the West." These artifacts, recovered from your maintain on the sunken Steamboat Arabia, are full of attractiveness together with historical past. Blunt was removed from command for failing to protect his column, but he was soon restored. At the commencement of the American Civil War, the Kansas government had no well-organized militia, no arms, accoutrements or supplies, nothing with which to meet the demands, except the united will of officials and citizens. Although outnumbered, they hit the Rebel line, forcing them to withdraw. The Lawrence Massacre was, perhaps, the extreme example of the vicious Kansas-Missouri border warfare. Description: In a supposed retaliation for a Union raid on Osceola, Missouri, Lt. Col. William C. Quantrill led a force of about 300 to 400 partisans in an attack on the city of Lawrence, Kansas. The Byram's Ford Historic District encompassing the historic ford and the associated Byram's Ford Road site has fortunately remained largely unchanged since 1864. 400) [CS], eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'civilwaracademy_com-leader-1','ezslot_14',617,'0','0']));Estimated Casualties: 106 total (US 103; CS 3). Through the adversity, Kansas City remained under Union control. Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: {{Kansas in the Civil War|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar |state=expanded: {{Kansas in the Civil War|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible During the Civil War, Kansas City served as the Union's District of the Border headquarters. These Rebels, stalled by their wagons crossing the ford, had formed a line on the north side of Mine Creek. Authentic Attractions. They are in the order in which they occurred during the Civil War. Two wars have directly affected the region, the American Civil War (1860–1865) and the … Today, few physical reminders of the Civil War remain in Kansas City, but there are numerous historical markers, a number of archival repositories with Civil War documents (including the Missouri Valley Special Collections at the Kansas City Public Library), and the Battle of Westport Visitor Center and Museum. Touted as a massacre by some, Baxter Springs was another of the events that characterized the vicious Kansas-Missouri border warfare. Top Trip Ideas. During your time in the Kansas City area, see this site, which played an important role in the American Civil War, along with historic homes that dot the region's landscape. Excavated from a Kansas cornfield, the Arabia carried dishware, jewelry, silks from China and… Calls to stop flying the Confederate battle flag are once again in the news, but the Kansas Historical Society is working to restore and preserve Civil War flags captured by Kansas troops Types: Kid Friendly Vacations, Arts & Entertainment, Baseball. Civil War Battles in Kansas Lawrence Other Names: Lawrence Massacre Location: Douglas County Campaign: Quantrill's Raid into Kansas (1863) Date(s): August 21, 1863 Principal Commanders: The Battle of Westport was a significant event, and is largely experienced by following a series of historical markers around the Kansas City area. All Civil War battles in Missouri. About six miles south of Trading Post, Kansas, where the Marais de Cygnes cavalry engagement had occurred earlier in the day, the Union brigades of Col. Frederick Benteen and Col. John Phillips, of Gen. John S. Marmaduke and Maj. Gen. James F. Fagan [CS], Forces Engaged: Provisional cavalry division [US]; cavalry division [CS], Estimated Casualties: 1,300 total (US 100; CS 1,200). Having lost this many men, Price’s army was doomed. In Washington D.C., rumors were afloat that President Abraham Lincoln was to be kidnapped or assassinated. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwaracademy_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_12',616,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwaracademy_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_13',616,'0','1']));Campaign: Occupation of Indian Territory North of the Arkansas River (1863), Principal Commanders: Lt. James B. Pond and Maj. Gen. James G. Blunt [US]; Lt. Col. William C. Quantrill [CS], Forces Engaged: Detachments from three regiments and an escort [US]; Quantrill’s Raiders (approx. Just to the east in Independence, however, the Confederates won two major victories in 1862 and 1864, and much of the countryside surrounding Kansas City harbored a militant pro-Southern population. It started east of Independence, Mo., and progressed along the Blue River and into what is now Loose Park, near Brush Creek, before turning south. Forces Engaged: No Union troops [US]; Quantrill’s Raiders and other guerrillas [CS]eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwaracademy_com-box-4','ezslot_10',612,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwaracademy_com-box-4','ezslot_11',612,'0','1'])); Estimated Casualties: 204 total (US 164; CS 40). The Battle of Westport pitted Confederate General Sterling Price against Union General Samuel Curtis in the largest Civil War battle fought west of the Mississippi River. This town on the Missouri River and Katy Trail, in north-central Missouri, is reenacting the 1861 battle on its original site. After the war, Kansas City expanded rapidly due to railroads and the cattle trade, and it annexed Westport. It was typical for those camps to sponsor or erect monuments to honor the Civil War Soldier whether lost during the war or as a returned Veteran. The Battle of Baxter Springs, sometimes called the Baxter Springs Massacre, was a minor battle in the War, fought on October 6, 1863, near the modern-day town of Baxter Springs, Kansas. At the outbreak of the Civil War, ... was appointed to lead the Western Department of the Union Army. Kansas has a rich history, and played its part in many of our most important events. Battle of Wilson's Creek near Springfield. Campaign: Price’s Missouri Expedition (1864), Principal Commanders: Gen. Alfred Pleasonton [US]; Brig. This Kansas forest trail holds tons of history that’s just waiting for you to explore it. The Civil War left its scars on many of our states, but there’s one battle in Kansas that’s often forgotten when you recap the main events. They chased and attacked the Union troops, killing some of them before they reached the earth and log fort. Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state on January 29, 1861. His men killed civilians men and boys and destroyed many of the buildings. Rare artifacts from Kansas Civil War battle to be displayed Brian Burnes, Tribune ... a collection of authentic debris from arguably Kansas City's most significant Civil War moment survives. Kansas is known as a Soldier state due to the very large number of Civil War Veterans who settled here. Civil War Battles in Missouri Boonville Civil War battles in Missouri Other Names: First Battle of Boonville Location: Cooper County Campaign: Operations to Control Missouri (1861) Date(s): June Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). It was the largest battle fought west of the Mississippi River, and the decisive defeat of Price’s Army of Missouri at Westport (within the borders of modern Kansas City, Missouri) ended any Confederate hopes for a positive outcome from the campaign. They are listed in the order in which they occurred. Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield On October 25, 1864, on the banks of Mine Creek, two Union brigades of approximately 2,500 troops defeated approximately 7,000 Confederates from General Sterling Price's Army of Missouri. Bud and his wife Carol joined the Round Table in 2015 and have been loyal members ever since. However, Fremont spent more energy in fortifying the city of St. Louis, Missouri than he did equipping the troops in the field. Poole and his men proceeded down the Texas Road, where they encountered Union soldiers, most of whom were African Americans. Battle of Boonville. Quantrill decided to attack the post and divided his force into two columns, one under him and the other commanded by a subordinate, David Poole. Just to the east in Independence, however, the Confederates won two major victories in 1862 and 1864, and much of the countryside surrounding Kansas City harbored a militant pro-Southern population. There are a total of (22) Civil War Events by State - Kansas events in the database. Almost all communities supported a camp of the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.). Westport was the last major Civil War battle west of the Mississippi River, yet it was but one of the 1,162 battles and skirmishes fought in Missouri during the conflict. During the last year of the war, General Price, with a large Confederate … As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. He held the town several hours and then withdrew. Description: After conducting many raids in Kansas, including the massacre at Lawrence, Quantrill decided to winter in Texas. Union forces caught up with him at Mine Creek and delivered the ultimate blow, basically destroying his army, and scattering what remained. Thus, the Battle of Westport--the largest Civil War battle west of the Mississippi River--actually occurred within the modern boundaries of Kansas City. Bud and Carol brought several members of their family to our dinner meeting in October of 2017, to hear Kyle Sinisi speak about their ancestor, Confederate General Sterling Price … Prelude to Civil War: Kansas was first ... on a raid into Lawrence, Kansas, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people. ... the largest Civil War battle fought west of the Mississippi. The Women's Relief Corps (W.R.C. Map and Directions. Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective. A sprawling action, the battle occurred over three days. The approximately 29,000 soldiers involved made it the biggest Civil War battle west of the Mississippi River. Price withdrew south, and Pleasonton, commanding in the field, pursued him into Kansas and fought him at Marais des Cygnes. Usually subordinated to events east of the Mississippi, these and other western battles became slender chapters in the history of the war.
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